Fewer children in Missouri are living in areas of concentrated poverty, but more than a quarter of urban children are still living in these high risk conditions, according to a KIDS COUNT data snapshot released Sept. 24.
The report, “Children Living in High-Poverty, Low-Opportunity Neighborhoods,” released by the Annie E. Casey Foundation examines where concentrated poverty has worsened across the country despite a long period of national economic expansion.
The analysis of the latest U.S. Census data available found that between 2008–2012 and 2013–2017, Missouri saw a decrease in both the number and percent of children living in concentrated poverty. In the 2013-2017 period, 121,000 (9%) of Missouri’s kids lived in areas of concentrated period, down from 136,000 (10%) estimated for the 2008-2012 period.
Growing up in a community of concentrated poverty — that is, a neighborhood where 30 percent or more of the population is living in poverty — is one of the greatest risks to child development and well-being.
Approximately 12% of children in the United States, or more than 8.5 million children, live in these settings. Children in high-poverty neighborhoods are less likely than other children to have access to healthy food, quality schools, reliable medical care, and stable, safe housing. And children who grow up in high poverty neighborhoods are more likely to remain poor as adults.
“We all know that children thrive when they grow up in neighborhoods with high- quality schools, abundant job opportunities, reliable transportation and safe places for recreation, yet across the country, millions of our kids are living in poverty,” said Lisa Hamilton, the Casey Foundation’s president and CEO.
While the overall percent of Missouri children living in concentrated poverty has declined, the experience of Missouri’s children has varied by key demographics such as race and age, and geographic location.
The percent of white, non-Hispanic children in Missouri has ticked up from 4% to 5% between the study periods, while the percent of black children living in neighborhoods with 30% or more of households in poverty has declined from 33% in the 2008-2012 to 28% in the 2013- 2017 period.
Very young children (ages 0-4) are less likely to live in concentrated poverty areas than in the earlier period, whereas the percent of older children and young adults (ages 5-24) has remained generally consistent in Missouri.
Children living in Kansas City and the city of St. Louis are slightly less likely to live in concentrated poverty (30% in 2008-2012/27% in 2013-2017) than they were in the past, though over 75,000 children are included in this estimate. However, both the number and percent of children living in concentrated poverty in non-metropolitan areas has increased modestly from 26,000 to 29,000 (8% to 9%).
“Here in Missouri, we work through 20 community partnerships throughout the state to ameliorate the impacts of concentrated poverty and other risks to families and children through supporting opportunities for parents to develop workforce skills as well as providing needed services and resources to children.”, said Bill Dent, executive director of the Family and Community Trust (FACT).
The Casey Foundation offered national and local community leaders actions they can take to help families lift themselves out of these circumstances. Policies at the community, county and state levels that can have a significant impact on the lives of children in struggling families include:
Ending housing discrimination based on whether a person was formerly incarcerated or is using a federal housing voucher.
Expanding workforce training that is targeted to high-poverty, low- opportunity communities.
Developing and funding small-business loan programs that serve entrepreneurs in low-income neighborhoods and communities of color — or people that traditional lenders tend to reject, such as individuals with poor credit or criminal records.
Fewer Missouri children are living in concentrated poverty areas (census tracts where 30% or more of households live below the federal poverty guidelines) than has been the case since the 2008 recession.
Children living in rural Missouri are increasingly likely to live in concentrated poverty areas, while fewer children in urban Missouri are living in these neighborhoods. And while the trend is headed in the right direction for children in urbanized areas of Missouri, 27% of these kids live in concentrated poverty (down from greater than 30% at the height of the recession) compared to an estimated 9% of rural children.
The percent of Missouri's black children living in concentrated poverty has declined in recent years, while the percent of white, non-Hispanic children living in poor neighborhoods has increased. However, a far greater proportion of black children live in poor areas, 28%, compared to white, non-Hispanic children at 5%.
Approximately 15% of Missouri children of Hispanic/Latina descent live in poor neighborhoods.